United Nations Industrial Development Organization, UNIDO, originally established in 1966 is a specialized agency from the UN family, with headquarter in Vienna, Austria. Its basic mandate is to promote sustainable industrial development as an important driver of economic growth and thus contribute towards eradication of poverty. Sustainable development incorporates not only the economic but also the social and environmental dimension: in addition to transfer and absorption of appropriate technologies, creation of decent jobs, advancement of trade etc. it also addresses industry-related environmental and energy challenges. As of 1 January 2014, the Organization had 171 Member States and employs close to 700 staff at Headquarters and other established offices.
UNIDO is to carry out its mandate by performing four complementary functions: technical cooperation; action-oriented research and policy advisory services; standards and compliance; and its convening and partnerships role.
In practice, UNIDO’s role is transfer from industrialized to developing countries. UNIDO’s regular budget, covering staff and operating costs, is funded by contributions from its Member States assessed along the principles of the UN system. Programs and projects are mainly funded through voluntary contributions from donor countries and institutions, as well as from multilateral funds.
The largest contributor in 2012 was once again the European Commission with net approvals (excluding support costs) in project budgets of $17.2 million, followed by Japan with $11.7 million (including $0.5 million through the United Nations Trust Fund for Human Security). Net contributions above $1 million were received from Switzerland ($10.1 million), Sweden ($6.1 million), Italy ($4.7 million), Germany ($4.6 million), Norway ($4.4 million). ) etc. The USA contributed $1.3 million, Russian Federation 1.1 million and Uruguay $1 million.
According to the latest documents, UNIDO within its mandate to reduce poverty and address industry-related environmental challenges has defined three thematic priorities: i) Productive capacity-building, particularly for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and post-crisis rehabilitation ii) Trade capacity-building, including Corporate social responsibility, CSR and iii) Sustainable production and industrial resource efficiency.
The third item has a special weight in view of UNIDO’s expertise in industrial environmental management industry-related implementation of multilateral environmental agreements primarily Global Environmental Facility, GEF, Montreal Protocol (elimination of ozone depleting substances and Stockholm Convention (Persistent Organic Pollutants, POPs). UNIDO was once again ranked as the top implementing agency of the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol for the ninth consecutive time.